Do Adderall side effects outweigh the potential benefits? This well-known prescription for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, or ADHD, isn’t for everyone. As with most medications, the answer depends on an individual’s health profile, medical history and several other factors.
The overall side effects of amphetamine/dextroamphetamine salts, the generic term for name-brand Adderall, are considered minimal. In fact, they’re mild enough for the drug to be widely prescribed to qualified ADHD patients.
Introduction to Adderall: An Overview of Its Use and Purpose
So what does Adderall do, exactly? The medicine and its extended-release formula, Adderall XR, are both amphetamine-based medications. They increase the production of two neurotransmitter hormones in the brain: dopamine and norepinephrine. These chemicals are responsible for reinforcing pleasurable reward motivation systems, which flood you with good feelings when you’ve completed a task or fulfilled an obligation.
In those afflicted with ADHD, these neurotransmitters are naturally diminished, making it difficult or nearly impossible for individuals to self-regulate. Without medical correction, patients with ADHD may demonstrate issues such as hyperactivity, manic behaviors and impulse control problems.
Adderall Side Effects: Common vs. Uncommon
Medications work differently for every person, influenced by everything from diet and exercise to age, cultural makeup and health status. Side effects most commonly associated with Adderall include an upset stomach, dry mouth, dizziness, nausea and vomiting.
In order to make sure the medication is causing these effects, patients are usually directed to take the medication at the same time of day with food and water. They may also be directed to avoid substances that can potentially make these effects worse, such as consuming coffee, energy drinks or recreational drugs.
Side effects that are less common can involve more substantial mental illnesses, up to and including mental disorders in a very small percentage of observed side effects. In addition, taking Adderall can increase the risk or severity of cardiovascular events in patients already prone to these issues. Tests, particularly comparison tests taken within a designated span of time, can help determine whether side effects like these are present in a patient.
Short-Term vs. Long-Term Effects: Differentiating Immediate and Prolonged Reactions
Because the medication is a stimulant, many of the short-term effects of Adderall mimic those brought on by caffeine. These can include increased blood pressure, dizziness, restlessness and difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. In addition, Adderall can affect the digestive system, leading to loose or frequent stools and urination. It may also increase thirst while simultaneously decreasing hunger.
Long-term effects of Adderall may manifest as the potential exacerbation of existing mental illnesses, either in frequency or severity. Adderall’s side effects in females may include heavier flow or more painful cramps during menstrual cycles. On the other hand, Adderall’s side effects in men may include erectile dysfunction (ED) or a decrease in sexual desire. Both genders may experience weight loss over time, a side effect of the medication’s known appetite-suppressing qualities.
Monitoring and Communication: The Importance of Discussing Side Effects with a Health Care Provider
As with any medication, it’s important to discuss any side effects or quality-of-life observations with your medical provider when taking Adderall. Always be truthful about lifestyle choices, such as accurately reporting the frequency and volume of your alcohol consumption as well as any other drugs you may be taking, including recreational ones.
Your medical provider needs this information to determine if Adderall’s side effects are affecting your quality of life. If so, they may be able to prescribe you a different dose, a different medication or even a different therapy type that will be a better fit for your needs. In rare cases, tests may find the medication is harming your internal organs or bodily systems, in which case you’ll be taken off Adderall as soon as possible.
If you find that you struggle to recall when and how often side effects occur, consider using a journal or a health tracking app. Taking notes when you notice side effects will help you take a better, more consistent snapshot of how they’re affecting your day-to-day planning and quality of life.
Balancing Benefits and Risks: Strategies for Managing Side Effects While Taking Adderall
While it’s a safe, proven treatment for ADHD and other medical conditions, Adderall must be carefully balanced and administered for each patient. The type, dosage and frequency prescribed will depend largely on your health, lifestyle and needs, all of which should be discussed with your medical provider. To achieve the best results with this medication, consider using it along with other modalities, such as behavioral therapy, organizational strategies and goal-oriented planning.
Whenever possible, be prepared and plan ahead for your prescription refills. The recent nationwide Adderall shortage required patients and prescribers alike to be proactive about calling pharmacies, filling prescriptions and exploring other medication options. To avoid delays, ensure all your insurance information is up to date and your prescription is turned into the pharmacy as soon as possible. Because this medication helps with planning and organization, side effects like brain fog and difficulty with executive function (planning steps and tasks) can become increasingly disruptive as the medication levels decrease in your body.
Even if both you and your provider decide that Adderall works well for your needs, don’t be afraid to discuss alternate options for medication. Shortages may be periodic, but it’s better to have a plan for when they occur, rather than needing to plan without the full effect of the medication to assist you.
Are you curious if Adderall is the right choice for helping you manage your ADHD or a similar life-impacting diagnosis? Discuss the pros and cons of this powerful, proven medication with our patient-focused providers at Sunlight Recovery. Contact us today to schedule an appointment to discuss how Adderall may be able to help you live your best life.